History

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1,000 years of city history: Lübeck was founded in 1143 as the first "western city on the Baltic coast". Journey back in time and discover more on its transformation into the "Queen of the Hanseatic League".  

819            

First Slavic fortress of Old-Lübeck where the Trave and the Schwartau river meet

1138

Old-Lübeck is destroyed by rebellious Slavs

1143

Count Adolf II. of Schauenburg and Holstein founds a trading settlement on the River Trave as the German town of Lübeck

1159

Lübeck is ceded to Duke Heinrich the Lion

1160

The bishop's see is relocated to Lübeck, start of construction on the major churches follows: Cathedral - St. Mary's - St. Peter's

1226

Emperor Friedrich II. grants Lübeck the status of a Free City of the German Empire

1349–1350

First plague epidemic in the whole of North Europe

1358

First Hanseatic Day in Lübeck, the expression "Cities of the German Hanseatic League" is documented for the first time 

1370

Peace of Stralsund after two victorious wars against Denmark

1669

Nine cities of the German Hanseatic League meet for the last time in Lübeck. Lübeck, Hamburg and Bremen continue the legacy of the Hansa as Free and Hanseatic Cities into the 20th century. 

1806–1813

Occupation by the French

1815–1866

Lübeck becomes a member of the German Confederation

1866

Lübeck joins the North German Confederation

1871

The Free and Hanseatic City of Lübeck becomes an independent state in the German Empire 

Around 1900

Lübeck begins to develop its own industry and evolves into a city of commerce and industry 

1937

Lübeck's status as a Free City of the German Empire ends and is integrated into the Prussian province of Schleswig-Holstein

1942

A quarter of the historic Old Town is destroyed during the night on the 28th March

from 1949   

The reconstruction of Lübeck and the successful efforts to preserve the historic Old City are seen as a perfect example of monument protection and restoration on an international level

1987

Lübeck's Old Town is declared a UNESCO world heritage site

2012

Lübeck has held the title of UNESCO world heritage site for 25 years